IHIC, also known as 4TIC, has an acceptor–donor–acceptor (A–D–A) structure consisting of an electron-rich fused hexacyclic unit dithienocyclopentathieno[3,2-b]thiophene core and two electron withdrawing 1,1-dicyanomethylene-3-indanone (IC) terminal units. The rigid planar structure of dithienocyclopentathieno[3,2-b]thiophene promotes inter-molecular charge transport.
IHIC exhibits strong absorption in the NIR range of 600–900 nm with extinction coefficient of up to 6 ×105 m−1 cm−1and high electron mobility of up to 2.4 × 10-3 cm2 V−1 s−1.
When PTB7-Th was used as the low band-gap donor polymer with IHIC as the narrow-bandgap non-fullerene acceptor, excellent device performance was demonstrated with a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.77%. The active layer exhibits strong NIR absorption but weak visible absorption while giving the device a semi-transparent nature.
Device structure: ITO/ZnO/PTB7-Th: IHIC/MoO3/Au(1 nm)/Ag(15nm)
|Thickness (nm)||VOC(V)||JSC(mA cm-2)||FF (%)||PCE(%)|
|Form||Dark blue powder/crystals|
|Full name||2,2'- [[4,4,9,9-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-4,9-dihydrothieno [3',2':4,5]cyclopenta[1,2-b]thieno[2'',3'':3',4']cyclopenta [1',2':4,5]thieno[2,3-d]thiophene-2,7-diyl]bis[methylidyne(3-oxo1H-indene-2,1(3H)-diylidene) ]]bis-propanedinitrile|
|Molecular weight||1377.88 g/mol|
|Absorption||λmax796 nm (Film)|
|HOMO / LUMO||HOMO = -5.28 eV, LUMO = -3.87 eV |
|Classification / Family||NFAs, n-type non-fullerene electron acceptors,Organic semiconducting materials,Low band-gap small molecule, Small molecular acceptor, Organic photovoltaics, Polymer solar cells,NF-PSCs.|
MSDS DocumentationIHIC MSDS Sheet
Literature and Reviews.
- Fused Hexacyclic Non fullerene Acceptor with Strong Near Infrared Absorption for Semitransparent Organic Solar Cells with 9.77% Efficiency, W. Wang et al., Adv. Mater., 1701308 (2017); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201701308.
- Non fullerene Acceptors for Semitransparent Organic Solar Cells, S. Dai et al., Adv. Energy Mater., 1800002 (2018); DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201800002.
- Near-infrared organic photoelectric materials for light harvesting systems: Organic photovoltaics and organic photodiodes, B. Xie et al., InfoMat., 2, 57–91 (2020); DOI: 10.1002/inf2.12063.
- Trendsetters in High-Efficiency Organic Solar Cells: Toward 20% Power Conversion Efficiency, M. Upama et al., Sol. RRL, 1900342 (2019); DOI: 10.1002/solr.201900342.
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