N,N′-Di(1-naphthyl)-N,N′-diphenyl-(1,1′-biphenyl)-4,4′-diamine, also known as NPB or NPD, has been used intensively in OLEDs and other organic electronic devices such as polymer photovoltaics (OPV) and perovskite solar cells for its outstanding hole transport capability.
NPB (NPD) from Ossila was used in the high-impact paper (IF 7.059), Synergistic effects of charge transport engineering and passivation enabling efficient inverted perovskite quantum-dot light-emitting diodes, J. Pan et al., J. Mater. Chem. C, 8, 5572-5579 (2020); DOI: 10.1039/D0TC00661K.
NPB is considered as one of the best materials within its competition, and has become the most common-used material in OLEDs' application. This is due to its increased Tg up to 95 °C, which enhances device morphology and is beneficial for device longevity .
|Molecular weight||588.74 g/mol|
|HOMO/LUMO||HOMO = 5.5 eV, LUMO = 2.4 eV|
|Absorption*||λmax 339 nm|
|Fluorescence||λem 450 nm (in THF)|
|Classification / Family||Triphenylamines, Naphtalene, Hole-transport layer materials, Electron block layer materials, Hole-injection layer materials, Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), OFETs, Organic Photovoltaics, Polymer solar cells, Perovskite solar cells|
> 99.5% (sublimed)> 98.0% (unsublimed)
|Melting point||279-283 °C (lit.)|
* Sublimation is a technique used to obtain ultra pure-grade chemicals, see sublimed materials for OLED devices.
|ITO/NPB (30 nm)/NPB: DCJTB: C545T* (10 nm)/NPB (4 nm)/DNA (8 nm)/(BCP) (9 nm)/Alq3 (30 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm) 
|Max. Luminance||13,600 cd/m2|
|Max. Current Efficiency||12.3 cd/A|
|Max. Power Efficiency||4.4 lm W−1|
|ITO/MoO3 (7nm)/NPB (85 nm)/ (PPQ)2Ir(acac):Ir(ppy)3:FIrpic:mCP/TAZ/LiF/Al |
|Max. Power Efficiency||41.3 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/PEDOT:PSS/NPB/mCP/FPt*(1.5 nm)/OXD-7/CsF/Al 
|Max. Power Efficiency||45 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/2-TNATA:33% WO3 (100 nm)/NPB (10 nm)/Alq3 (30 nm)/Bphen (20 nm)/BPhen: 2% Cs (10 nm)/Al (150 nm) |
|Operating Voltage for 100 cd/m2||3.1 V|
|Current Efficiency for 20 mA/cm2||4.4 cd/A|
|Power Efficiency for 20 mA/cm2||3.3 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/2-TNATA (60 nm)/NPB (15 nm)/TAT* (30 nm)/ Alq3 (30 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (200 nm) |
|EQE at 10 mA/cm2||7.18|
|Current Efficiency at 10 mA/cm2||3.64 cd/A|
|Power Efficiency at 10 mA/cm2||1.87 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/[F4-TCNQ(x nm)/m-MTDATA(y nm)]n/NPB/Alq3/Bphen/Cs2CO3/Al |
|Max. Luminance||23,500 cd/m2|
|Max. Current Efficiency||7.0 cd/A|
|Max. Power Efficiency||4.46 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/NPB (30 nm)/CBP:8 wt% (t-bt)2Ir(acac)* (15 nm)/
BPhen(35 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/CoPc:C60 (4:1) (5 nm)/
MoO3 (5 nm)/NPB(30 nm)/CBP:8 wt% (t-bt)2Ir(acac)* (15 nm)/
BPhen (35 nm)/Mg:Ag (100 nm) 
|Max. Luminance||42,236 cd/m2|
|Max. Current Efficiency||50.2 cd/A|
|Max. Power Efficiency||12.9 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/NPB (60 nm)/BNA:2 wt% perylene and 0.5 wt% DCJTB* (35 nm)/Alq3 (25 nm)/Mg:Ag (200 nm) |
|Max. Luminance||4,100 cd/m2|
|Max. Current Efficiency||1.65 cd/A|
|Device structure||ITO (100 nm)/NPB (40 nm)/ADN:C6:DCJTB (30 nm)/Alq (30 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (100 nm)|
|Max. Luminance||13, 000 cd/m2 |
|Max. Current Efficiency||4.9 cd/A|
*For chemical structure information please refer to the cited references.
|Sublimed (>99%)||M361||1 g||£139.00|
|Sublimed (>99%)||M361||5 g||£369.00|
|Unsublimed (>98%)||M362||5 g||£160.00|
Literature and Reviews
- Organic electroluminescent devices with improved stability, S. A. Van Slyke et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 2160 (1996); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.117151.
- High efficiency white organic light-emitting devices by effectively controlling exciton recombination region, F. Guo et al., Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20, 310–313 (2005).
- Manipulating Charges and Excitons within aSingle-Host System to Accomplish Efficiency/CRI/Color-Stability Trade-off for High-PerformanceOWLEDs, Q. Wang et al., Adv. Mater., 21, 2397–2401 (2009).
- Efficient organic light-emitting devices with platinum-complex emissive layer, X. Yang et al., Appl. Phys. Lett., 98, 033302 (2011); doi: 10.1063/1.3541447.
- Highly Power Efficient Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with a p-Doping Layer, C-C. Chang et al., Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 253504 (2006); doi: 10.1063/1.2405856.
- Exceedingly efficient deep-blue electroluminescence from new anthracenes obtained using rational molecular design, S-K. Kim et al., J. Mater. Chem., 18, 3376–3384 (2008). DOI: 10.1039/B805062G.
- Effect of type-II quantumwell of m-MTDATA/a-NPD on the performance of green organic light-emitting diodes, J. Yang et al., Microelectronics J.l40, 63–65 (2009). doi:10.1016/j.mejo.2008.08.004.
- Effect of bulk and planar heterojunctions based charge generation layers on the performance of tandem organic light-emitting diodes, Z. Ma et al., Org. Electronics, 30, 136-142 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2015.12.020
- Blue and white organic electroluminescent devices based on 9,10-bis(2′-naphthyl)anthracene, X. H. Zhang et al., Chem. Phys. Lett., 369 (3-4) 478-482 (2003), doi:10.1016/S0009-2614(02)02042-0.
- Highly Efficient and Stable Red Organic Light-Emitting Devices Using 9,10-Di(2-naphthyl)anthracene as the Host Material, H. Tang et al., Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46 1722 (2007), http://iopscience.iop.org/1347-4065/46/4R/1722.
- C60/N,N′-bis(1-naphthyl)-N,N′-diphenyl-1,1′-biphenyl-4,4′-diamine:MoO3 as the interconnection layer for high efficient tandem blue fluorescent organic light-emitting diodes, X. Wu et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 243302 (2013); http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4811551.
- High-Performance Hybrid White Organic Light-Emitting Devices without Interlayer between Fluorescent and Phosphorescent Emissive Regions, N. Sun et al., Adv. Mater., 26, 1617–1621 (2014)
- Single-Doped White Organic Light-Emitting Device with an External Quantum Efficiency Over 20%, T. Fleetham et al., Adv. Mater., 25, 2573–2576 (2013).
To the best of our knowledge the information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this page. The values provided are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch. All products are for laboratory and research and development use only, and may not be used for any other purpose including health care, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food or commercial applications.