CoPc - Cobalt(II) phthalocyanine
Order Code: M631MSDS sheet
|Molecular weight||571.46 g/mol|
|HOMO/LUMO||HOMO 5.0 eV, LUMO 3.4 eV |
|Classification / Family||Phthalocyanine salt, Hole injection layer (HIL) materials, Light-Emitting Diodes, Organic electronics.|
|Thermal Gravimetric Analysis||602.1 °C (5% weight loss)|
*Sublimation is a technique used to obtain ultra pure-grade chemicals to mainly filter out trace metals and inorganic impurities. Sublimation happens under certain pressure for chemicals to only go through two physical stages: from a solid state to vapour (gas), and when the vapour condenses to a solid state on a cool surface (referred to as cold finger). The most typical examples of sublimation are iodine and dry ice. For more details about sublimation, please refer to sublimed materials for OLEDs and perovskites and our collection of sublimed materials.
Cobalt phthalocynine (CoPc) is a member of metal phthalocyanines (MPcs) are frequently used in many organic electronic devices such as light-emitting diodes (LEDs), organic photovoltaics (OPVs), organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) and chemical sensors as a p-type semiconducting material. Compared to other hole injection layer (HIL) materials, most metal phthalocyanines are water and air stable, thermally stable, and nontoxic. They can be sublimed or sputtered with highly uniform, thin films on a variety of substrates. The synthesis of such materials are also relatively inexpensive and easy to prepare. The chemical structure of MPc allows tuning of its ionisation potential or HOMO levels by altering the central atom in Pc macrocycles.
Using cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc) layer as a hole injection layer (HIL), remarkable improvements in turn-on voltage and luminance have been observed in organic light-emitting diodes (OLED) [1, 2, 3, 4]. The driving voltages of the MPc electroluminance devices are found to decrease in the order of:
which is in agreement with the order of HOMO levels of MPcs .
|Device structure||ITO/CoPc (10 nm)/NPB (60 nm)/Alq3 (75 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (200 nm) |
Turn-on Voltage at
|Max. Luminance||53,700 cd/m2 (14.8 V)|
|Power Efficiency at 100 mA/cm2||1.02 lm W−1|
|Device structure||ITO/NPB (30 nm)/CBP:8 wt% (t-bt)2Ir(acac)* (15 nm)/
BPhen(35 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/CoPc:C60 (4:1) (5 nm)/
MoO3(5 nm)/NPB(30 nm)/CBP:8 wt% (t-bt)2Ir(acac)* (15 nm)/
BPhen (35 nm)/Mg:Ag (100 nm) 
|Max. Luminance||42,236 cd/m2|
|Max. Current Efficiency||50.2 cd/A|
|Max. Power Efficiency||12.9 lm W−1|
Literature and Reviews
- A relationship between driving voltage and the highest occupied molecular orbital level of hole-transporting metallophthalocyanine layer for organic electroluminescence devices, L. Zhu et al., Thin Solid Films 396, 213–218 (2001). doi:10.1016/S0040-6090(01)01232-9.
- Improved efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes using CoPc buffer layer, P-C. Kao et al., Thin Solid Films 498, 249– 253 (2006). doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2005.07.120.
- Effect of bulk and planar heterojunctions based charge generation layers on the performance of tandem organic light-emitting diodes, Z. Ma et al., Org. Electronics, 30, 136-142 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2015.12.020
- Hole Injection Enhancements of a CoPc and CoPc:NPB Mixed Layer in Organic Light-Emitting Devices, H. Lee et al., J. Phys. Chem. C, 116, 13210-13216 (2012). dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp3029598.
- Ambipolar organic heterojunction transistors with various p-type semiconductors, J. Shi et al., Thin Solid Films 516, 3270–3273 (2008). doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2007.08.037.
- Electrical transport mechanisms and photovoltaic characterization of cobalt phthalocyanine on silicon heterojunctions, H.S. Soliman et al., Thin Solid Films 516, 8678–8683 (2008). doi:10.1016/j.tsf.2008.04.102.