NPNPB, full name N,N'-diphenyl-N,N'-di-[4-(N,N-diphenyl-amino)phenyl]benzidine, is one of the family members of triarylamines. NPNPB is electron rich and can be used as an electron-transport layer material for OLEDs and perovskite solar cells. Due to its electron-donating nature, NPNPB is also used together with electron acceptors (such as PO-T2T) to form exciplexes in highly-efficient thermally activated delayed fluorescence OLEDs.
NPNPB is also introduced into the interface between ITO and NPB as a buffer layer. This works to smooth the ITO surface and lower the barrier to hole-charge injection.
Highly efficient deep-red organic electrophosphorescent devices with excellent operational stability using bis(indoloquinoxalinyl) derivatives as the host materials, T. Su et al., J. Mater. Chem. C, 1, 5084 (2013); DOI: 10.1039/c3tc30823e.
Highly efficient deep-blue organic electroluminescent devices doped with hexaphenylanthracene fluorophores, S. Lin et al., J. Mater. Chem., 21, 8122 (2011); DOI: 10.1039/c1jm10424a.
Efficient delayed fluorescence via triplet–triplet annihilation for deep-blue electroluminescence, P. Chou et al., Chem. Commun., 50, 6869 (2014); DOI: 10.1039/c4cc01851f.
Synthesis of Diimidazolylstilbenes as n-Type Blue Fluorophores: Alternative Dopant Materials for Highly Efficient Electroluminescent Devices, H. Chou et al., Adv. Mater., 24, 5867–5871 (2012); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201202222.
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