FREE shipping to on qualifying orders when you spend or more, processed by Ossila BV. All prices ex. VAT. Qualifying orders ship free worldwide! Fast, secure, and backed by the Ossila guarantee. It looks like you are visiting from , click to shop in or change country. Orders to the EU are processed by our EU subsidiary.

It looks like you are using an unsupported browser. You can still place orders by emailing us on, but you may experience issues browsing our website. Please consider upgrading to a modern browser for better security and an improved browsing experience.

Triple Cation Perovskite Precursor Ink (for Nitrogen Processing)

Materials, Perovskite Inks, Perovskite Materials

Product Code I301
Price £260 ex. VAT

High quality triple cation perovskite precursor ink

For the fabrication of solar cells under a nitrogen atmosphere

I301 perovskite ink has been formulated in conjunction with our research partners to obtain the highest possible PCEs. Our I301 perovskite ink is designed for processing inside controlled environments such as a nitrogen-filled glove box.

Ossila’s I301 contains a formulation of Methylammonium Bromide (MABr), Lead Bromide (PbBr2), Formamidinium Iodide (FAI), Lead Iodide (PbI2) and Caesium Iodide (CsI) in DMSO solvent. After undergoing conversion through a combination of solvent quenching and thermal annealing steps, I301 ink can be used to create a (Cs0.05FA0.81MA0.14)Pb(I0.85Br0.15)3 perovskite film. For information on the various application of this mixed-cation perovskite, see our applications section.

The main use of I301 is in the fabrication of solar cells. The process recipe for I301 is optimised for glove box processing under a nitrogen atmosphere. This ink is designed to be used with the device architecture ITO-coated glass/SnO2/perovskite/Spiro-OMeTAD/Au. PV devices using this architecture achieved an average / peak power conversion efficiency (PCE) of (16.4% ± 3.9)% / 19.0%. (see our device performance section for more information). The ink specifications can be found below along with complete guides on the processing of perovskite inks for standard architecture. Using our provided I301 recipe, 5 ml of solution is capable of processing up to 100 substrates (800 devices using our 8-pixel substrate design).

Perovskite Ink
I301 is packaged as 10 individual vials containing 0.5 ml of solution each, capable of coating up to 100 substrates.

I301 Perovskite Specifications

Perovskite type (Cs0.05FA0.81MA0.14)Pb(I0.85Br0.15)3
Precursor materials (purity) Formamidinium iodide (98%), lead iodide (99.999%), methyl ammonium bromide (98%), lead bromide (99.999%), Caesium Iodide
Precursor ratio 1.00 : 1.05 : 0.18 : 0.19 : 0.06
Solvent (purity) Dimethyl sulfoxide (99.8%)
Optical bandgap 1.5-1.6 eV
Emission peak 787 nm
Standard architecture PCE 19.0% Peak; 16.4% ± 3.9% Average
Processing conditions Inert environment only (e.g. nitrogen or argon atmosphere)
Packaging 10 x 0.5 ml sealed amber vials
Storage Conditions Must be kept refrigerated. Only open in an inert atmosphere.

I301 Perovskite Applications

Perovskite Photovoltaics: Multiple cation inks are used to create high efficiency devices, regularly achieving over 20% (see the papers cited below). Double cation inks contain two organic A-cations: methylammonium (CH3NH3+,MA) and formamidinium (CH3(NH2)2+,FA) - for more information on the role of A-cations in perovskite crystals, see our perovskite and perovskite solar cells introduction . Double cation perovskites produce impressive initial PCEs but have thermal and phase instabilities, due to the volatility of MA and the phase instability at room temperature of FA-based perovskites. By adding a small amount of Caesium to the precursor, high efficiency devices of 21.1% can maintain over 80% of their initial efficiency after 250 hours of device aging. Below are a series of papers studying multiple cation perovskite inks.

  • Analysis of the UV–Ozone‐Treated SnO2 Electron Transporting Layer in Planar Perovskite Solar Cells for High Performance and Reduced Hysteresis. P. F. Mendez et. al. Solar RRL. 3 (2019) DOI: 10.1002/solr.201900191
  • An Interface Stabilized Perovskite Solar Cell with High Stabilized Efficiency and Low Voltage Loss. J. J. Yoo et. al. Energy Environ. Sci.12 (2019) 2192-2199 DOI: 10.1038/nature14133
  • How To Make Over 20% Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells In Regular (N-I-P) And Inverted (P-I-N) Architectures. M. Saliba et al. Chem. Mater. 30 (2018) 4193–4201 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00136. 
  • Cesium-Containing Triple Cation Perovskite Solar Cells: Improved Stability, Reproducibility And High Efficiency. M. Saliba et al. Energy Environ. Sci. (2016) 1989–1997 DOI: 10.1039/c5ee03874j. 

The formulation of triple cation inks varies amongst the literature. Researchers working with Ossila have optimised the I301 ink to produce a high performance ink with impressive lifetime in solution. 

I301 Device Performance

Standard Architecture Structure

Below is information on photovoltaic devices fabricated using our standard architecture recipe for I301 inks. All scans were taken under AM1.5 illumination, sweeping the voltage from -0.2 V to 1.2 V then from 1.2 V to -0.2 V at a rate of 0.2 V.s-1 ; no bias soaking was performed on devices.

Best Device Performance
Sweep direction Forward Reverse
Power conversion efficiency (%) 19.3 18.9
Short circuit current ( -22.4 -22.3
Open circuit voltage (V) 1.08 1.09
Fill factor (%) 79.7 77.8
Average Over 20 Devices on 5 Substrates Edge pixels omitted
Power conversion efficiency (%) 16.4 ± 3.9
Short circuit current ( -21.2 ± 0.9
Open circuit voltage (V) 1.01 ± 0.20
Fill factor (%) 73.9 ± 11.9
Current Density Vs Voltage Graph for I301
JV sweep for Best Performing Device
Stabilised PCE graph for I301
Stabilised PCE for Best Performing Device
Return to the top