Rubrene, a molecule with a tetracene backbone and four appended phenyl rings, is one of the most studied molecular semiconductors due to its high charge mobility. Notably, room-temperature hole mobilities of the order of 20-40 cm2V-1s-1 have been measured for rubrene in single-crystal organic field-effect transistors (SC-OFET) . It is widely used in organic electronics, especially organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and organic field-effect transistors (OFETs).
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Rubrene: The Interplay between Intramolecular and Intermolecular Interactions Determines the Planarization of Its Tetracene Core in the Solid State, C. Sutton et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 137, 8775-8782 (2015)
Luminescence of Rubrene and DCJTB molecules in organic light-emitting devices, C-B. Moon et al., J. Luminescence, 146, 314-320, 2014.
The effect of rubrene as a dopant on the efficiency and stability of organic thin film electroluminescent devices, Z. Zhang et al., J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 31, 32–35 (1998).
Performance improvement of rubrene-based organic light emitting devices with a mixed single layer, Z. Wang et al., Appl Phys A 100: 1103–1108 (2010), DOI 10.1007/s00339-010-5710-4.
Efficient and stable single-dopant white OLEDs based on 9,10-bis (2-naphthyl) anthracene, S. Tao et al., J. Luminance, 121(2), 568-572 (2006); doi:10.1016/j.jlumin.2005.12.053.
Organic white light electroluminescent devices, S. Liu et al., Thin Solid Films, 363, 294-297 (2000); doi:10.1016/S0040-6090(99)01017-2.
Influence of Dopant Concentration on Electroluminescent Performance of Organic White-Light-Emitting Device with Double-Emissive-Layered Structure, M. Wu et al., Chin. Phys. Lett., 25, 294-297 (2008).
Co-Host Comprising Hole-Transporting and Blue-Emitting Components for Efficient Fluorescent White OLEDs, Y-C. Chen et al., J. Electrochem. Soc., 159 (4) J127-J131 (2012); doi: 10.1149/2.092204jes.
White organic light-emitting devices using Zn(BTZ)2 doped with Rubrene as emitting layer, J. Zheng et al., Chin. Sci. Bull., 50, 509-513 (2005); DOI: 10.1360/04wb0050.