|Unsublimed (>98% purity)||M2192B1||500 mg||£163.00|
|Unsublimed (>98% purity)||M2192B1||1 g||£267.00|
|Unsublimed (>98% purity)||M2192B1||5 g||£1070.00|
|Molecular weight||1097.43 g/mol|
|Absorption||λmax 384 nm in DCM|
|Fluorescence||λmax 413 nm in DCM|
|HOMO/LUMO||HOMO = 5.25 eV |
|Classification / Family||Spirofluorene derivative, Hole transport layer materials, Perovskite solar cells, Organic electronics.|
|Purity||Unsublimed > 98% (1H NMR)|
|Melting point||Tg = 146 °C|
|Appearance||Light yellow powder/crystals|
Spiro-TTB has a spirofluorene core with four attached ditolylamine at the 2 and 7 positions of spirofluorene. Like Spiro-OMeTAD, it is electron-rich and commonly used as a hole-transport layer material in OLED, OPV, and perovskite solar cells.
Compared to Spiro-OMeTAD, Spiro-TTB is less electron-rich, with four methoxyl groups being replaced by four methyl groups. It has a deeper HOMO energy level, which gives greater VOC, thus, better device performance can be expected.
|Device structure||ITO (90 nm)/Spiro-TTB:F6-TCNNQ (4 wt.%, 10 nm)/NPB (20 nm)/NPB:Ir(MDQ)2acac (10 wt.%, 10 nm)/BAlq (65 nm)/BPhen:Cs (100 nm) |
|Max. Power Efficiency||33.3 lm W−1|
|Max. Current Efficiency||27.7 cd/A|
|Device structure||ITO (90 nm)/Spiro-TTB:F6-TCNNQ (4 wt.%, 10 nm)/NPB (20 nm)/TCTA:Ir(ppy)2acac (8 nm)/TPBi:Ir(ppy)2acac (12 nm)/BAlq (50 nm)/BPhen:Cs (100 nm) |
|Max. Power Efficiency||77.0 lm W−1|
|Max. Current Efficiency||54.4 cd/A|
|Device structure||ITO/NPB (75 nm)MoO3 (2 nm)/Au (2 nm)/Ag (6 nm)/Spiro-TTB:F6-TCNNQ (2 wt.%, 10 nm)/NPB (10 nm)/NPB:Ir(MDQ)2acac (10 wt.%, 20 nm)/BAlq (10 nm)/BPhen:Cs (85 nm)/Ag (100 nm) |
*For chemical structure information, please refer to the cited references
Literature and Reviews
- Minimal Effect of the Hole-Transport Material Ionization Potential on the Open-Circuit Voltage of Perovskite Solar Cells, R. Belisle et al., ACS Energy Lett., 1, 556−560 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00270.
- Alternative p-doped hole transport material for low operating voltage and high efficiency organic light-emitting diodes, C. Murawski et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 113303 (2014); doi: 10.1063/1.4896127.
- Coupled Optical Modeling for Optimization of Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with External Outcoupling Structures, M. Kovačič et al., ACS Photonics 2018, 5, 422−430 (2018); DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00874.
- Comparison of Charge-Carrier Transport in Thin Films of Spiro-Linked Compounds and Their Corresponding Parent Compounds, T. Saragi et al., Adv. Funct. Mater., 16, 966–974 (2006); DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200500361.
To the best of our knowledge the technical information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this information. The values provided here are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch.