Spiro-TTB has a spirofluorene core with four attached ditolylamine at the 2 and 7 positions of spirofluorene. Like Spiro-OMeTAD, it is electron-rich and commonly used as a hole-transport layer material in OLED, OPV, and perovskite solar cells.
Compared to Spiro-OMeTAD, Spiro-TTB is less electron-rich, with four methoxyl groups being replaced by four methyl groups. It has a deeper HOMO energy level, which gives greater VOC, thus, better device performance can be expected.
Minimal Effect of the Hole-Transport Material Ionization Potential on the Open-Circuit Voltage of Perovskite Solar Cells, R. Belisle et al., ACS Energy Lett., 1, 556−560 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acsenergylett.6b00270.
Alternative p-doped hole transport material for low operating voltage and high efficiency organic light-emitting diodes, C. Murawski et al, Appl. Phys. Lett. 105, 113303 (2014); doi: 10.1063/1.4896127.
Coupled Optical Modeling for Optimization of Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with External Outcoupling Structures, M. Kovačič et al., ACS Photonics 2018, 5, 422−430 (2018); DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.7b00874.
Comparison of Charge-Carrier Transport in Thin Films of Spiro-Linked Compounds and Their Corresponding Parent Compounds, T. Saragi et al., Adv. Funct. Mater., 16, 966–974 (2006); DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200500361.
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