Zirconium Trisulfide Powder and Crystal


Order Code: M2203C1
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Low price, high purity ZrS3 powder and crystals

For the development of perovskite devices, electronics and optoelectronics

Zirconium trisulfide (ZrS3) is a typical representative of layered transition metal trichalcogenides (TMTCs).

ZrS3 is an indirect gap semiconductor as its bulk and its monolayer undergoes an indirect to direct band gap transition with increasing tensile strain. ZrS3 layers possess a pseudo one-dimensional nature where each layer consists of ZrS3 chains extending along the b-lattice direction. The optical properties of few-layer zirconium trisulfide has been demonstrated to be highly anisotropic as shown by large photoluminescence (PL) intensity variation with the polarization direction along the chain.

We supply zirconium trisulfide in both powdered and crystal forms.

Zirconium trisulfide powder

Zirconium trisulfide powder

Can be used for preparation of zirconium trisulfide nanoplates nano-platelets and ultrathinthin films

Available in 1g quantities

≥ 99.995% purity

From £268.00

Zirconium trisulfide crystals

Zirconium trisulfide crystal

Can be used to produce single or few-layer zirconium trisulfide sheets via mechanical or liquid exfoliation

Small (≥10mm2) or medium (≥25mm2) crystals available*

≥ 99.999% purity

From £395.00

*Typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary.

Bulk single zirconium trisulfide crystals are most commonly used as sources from which single or few-layer sheets can be obtained via either mechanical or liquid exfoliation. Single zirconium trisulfide crystal or films produced from such crystals are suitable for study using atomic force microscopy or transmission electron microscopy

Few-layer ZrS3 nanosheets and nanoparticles can also obtained from zirconium trisulfide powder by liquid-exfoliation.

Key Product Data

  • High purity zirconium trisulfide
  • Available in sensible quanities as a powder or as whole crystals
  • Low price and with free worldwide shipping on qualifying orders

ZrS3 Structure and Properties

After exfoliation of zirconium trisulfide crystals or powder, zirconium trisulfide typically has the following properties:

  • ‎Monoclinic (space group: P21/m)
  • ZrS3 monolayer undergoes an indirect to direct band gap transition with increasing tensile strain
  • Highly anisotropic
  • Transition metal trichalcogenides (TMTCs)

See the properties tab for more details.

Applications of Zirconium Trisulfide

Zirconium trisulfide (ZrS3) single crystals can be used to prepare monolayer and few-layer ZrS3 by mechanical or liquid exfoliation. In its powdered form, it is suitable for liquid chemical exfoliation to prepare ZrS3 nanosheets and nanoparticles down to few-layer films.

ZrS3 has potential applications in thermal batteries, perovskite solar cells, perovskite light-emtting diodes and electronics such as in-plane anisotropic FETs. It can also be used in optoelectronics such as polarization-sensitive photodetectors and thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and ferroelectric devices. See the applications tab for more details.

Technical Data

CAS number ‎12166-31-3
Chemical formula ZrS3
Molecular weight 187.42 g/mol
Bandgap 1.90 eV [1]
Preparation Synthetic - Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT)
Structure ‎Monoclinic
Electronic properties 2D Semiconductor
Melting point ‎1020 °C (lit.)
Colour Red brown
Synonyms Zirconium trisulphide
Classification / Family Transition metal trichalcogenides (TMTCs), 2D semiconductor materials, nano-electronics, nano-photonics, photovoltaic, materials science

Product Details

Form Purity

Zirconium Trisulfide Powder

≥ 99.995%
Zirconium Trisulfide Crystal ≥ 99.999%

MSDS Documents

Zirconium trisulfide powder MSDSZirconium trisulfide powder

Zirconium trisulfide crystal MSDSZirconium trisulfide crystal

Structure of Zirconium Trisulfide

Zirconium trisulfide () belongs to the low-symmetry crystals system with monoclinic structure. ZrS3 layers possess a pseudo one-dimensional nature where each layer consists of ZrS3 chains extending along the b-lattice direction.

ZrSmay be better described by ionic model as Zr4+(S2)2-S2-. A basic structural fragment prism {ZrS6/2} is constructed from two disulfide (S‒S)2- groups as well as two sulfide groups S2- with Zr atom situated near the centre of the prism. Such prisms with metal atoms situated close to the prism centres are connected to each other via common triangle bases to form infinite columns. This leads to strong anisotropic behaviour that offers additional advantages over isotropic 2D systems.

zirconium trisulfide crystal structure
The crystal structure of single-layer zirconium trisulfide (ZrS3)

Applications of Zirconium Trisulfide

Zirconium trisulfide is a promising candidate for thermal batteries and used as hole transporting layer in perovskite solar cells and perovskite light-emtting diodes. The high anisotropy in the light absorption of ZrS3 monolayer makes it a potential candidate for the design and applications in electronics such as in-plane anisotropic FETs, optoelectronics such as polarization-sensitive photodetectors and thermoelectric, piezoelectric, and ferroelectric devices.

ZrS3 Processing

Viscoelastic transfer using PDMS

Video by Ossila

Pricing Table (All)

Form Size/Weight* Product Code Price
Powder 1 g M2203C1 £268.00
Crystal Small (≥ 10 mm2) M2203A10 £395.00 ea.
Crystal Medium (≥ 25 mm2) M2203A25 £638.00 ea.

*typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary

Shipping is free for qualifying orders.

Literature and Reviews

  1. Single layer of MX3 (M=Ti, Zr; X=S, Se, Te): a new platform for nano-electronics and optics, Y. Jin et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 18665-18669 (2015); DOI: 10.1039/C5CP02813B.
  2. Strong dichroic emission in the pseudo one dimensional material ZrS3, A. Pant et al., Nanoscale, 8, 16259 (2016); DOI: 10.1039/c6nr05238j.
  3. Angle resolved vibrational properties of anisotropic transition metal trichalcogenide nanosheets, W. Kong et al., Nanoscale, 9, 4175 (2017); DOI: 10.1039/c7nr00711f.
  4. Enhanced ultraviolet-visible light responses of phototransistors based on individual and few ZrS3 nanobelts, Y. Tao et al., Nanoscale, 7(34), 14292-14298 (2015); doi: 10.1039/c5nr03589a.
  5. Tuning the electronic properties of transition-metal trichalcogenides via tensile strain, M. Li et al., Nanoscale, 7, 15385 (2015); DOI: 10.1039/c5nr04505c.
  6. Electronics and optoelectronics of quasi-one dimensional layered transition metal trichalcogenides, J. Island et al., 2D Mater., 4 0220033 (2017); DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/aa6ca6.
  7. Photodecoloration of Methyl Orange Solution Assisted by ZrS3 Powders, S. Artemkina et al., ASTESJ 4, 165-170 (2019); DOI: 10.25046/aj040116.

To the best of our knowledge the technical information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this information. The values provided here are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch.