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Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide (MnPSe3) Powder and Crystal

2D Semiconductor Materials, Low Dimensional Materials

Product Code M2210C1-1g
Price $438 ex. VAT

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Low price, high purity 2D manganese phosphorus triselenide powder and crystal

For the development of next-generation electronics, optoelectronics, and nanotechnology

Manganese phosphorus triselenide (MnPSe3) is a layered antiferromagnetic (AFM) Heisenberg-type semiconductor with Néel temperature at 74 K.

Monolayer manganese phosphorus triselenide (MnPSe3) is an intrinsic semiconductor with antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering at its ground state. Each Mn2+ ion is antiferromagnetically coupled to its three neighboring Mn2+ ions, forming an AFM ordering. The spin density is mainly localised at two Mn2+ ions with the opposite spin magnetic moments, while P and Se atoms have the negligible magnetic moments. 

High Purity Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide

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High purity ≥99.999% Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide Crystal

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Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide Powder & Crystal

Powder & Crystal

Available in Powder & Crystal forms

It shows that AFM state is more stable than the ferromagnetic (FM) state by about 40 meV per unit cell for 2D MnPSe3 and the bulk AFM characteristic can be well preserved in its monolayer structure. However, both electron and hole doping or biaxial tensile strain about 13% can induce its transition from antiferromagnetic semiconductor to ferromagnetic half-metal.

We supply low price manganese phosphorus triselenide in several different forms for a range of applications.

Manganese phosphorus triselenide powder

Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide Powder

Can be used for preparation of manganese phosphorus triselenide nanoplates and ultrathin films

Available in quantities of 1 g

≥99.995% purity

From £350

Manganese phosphorus triselenide crystal by size

Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide Crystal by Size

Can be used to produce single or few-layer manganese phosphorus triselenide sheets via mechanical or liquid exfoliation

Small (≥10 mm2) or medium (≥25 mm2) crystals available*

≥99.999% purity

From £520

*Typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary

Bulk single manganese phosphorus triselenide crystal is most commonly used as sources from which single or few-layer sheets can be obtained via either mechanical or liquid exfoliation. Single manganese phosphorus triselenide crystal or films produced from such crystals are suitable for study using atomic force microscopy or transmission electron microscopy.

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Few-layer MnPSe3 nanosheets and nanoparticles can also obtained from manganese phosphorus triselenide powder by liquid-exfoliation.

Key Product Data

Structure of Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide

mnpse3 dumbbells

In its bulk form, MnPSe3 crystalises in a rhombohedral FeCl3 structure. Arranged in a honeycomb hexagonal form, each Mn atom is coordinated to and sandwiched by two layers of S atoms, three in each layer. Those S atoms form triagonal pyramids with two P-P atoms at each end of a dumbbell structure. The dumbbell is often referred to as a [P2Se6]4- cluster.

Manganese phosphorus triselenide - MnPSe3 crystal strcuture
The crystal structure of single-layer manganese phosphorus triselenide (MnPSe3)

Properties of Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide

After exfoliation of manganese phosphorus triselenide crystal or powder, MnPSe3 typically has the following properties:

  • Rhombohedral (space group: R3)
  • Transition metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (MPX3)
  • Antiferromagnetic (AFM) Heisenberg-type semiconductor with Néel temperature at 74K.
  • AFM state is more stable than the ferromagnetic (FM) state
  • AFM characteristic can be well preserved in its monolayer structure
  • Transition from antiferromagnetic semiconductor to ferromagnetic half-metal by both electron and hole doping or biaxial tensile strain

Applications of Manganese Phosphorus Triselenide

Manganese phosphorus triselenide (MnPSe3) single crystals can be used to prepare monolayer and few-layer MnPSe3 by mechanical or liquid exfoliation. Manganese phosphorus triselenide powder is suitable for liquid chemical exfoliation to prepare MnPSe3 nanosheets and nanoparticles down to few-layer films.

Manganese phosphorus triselenide (MnPSe3) has a great potential in spintronics with its particular advantages in solar energy conversion and storage applications and novel spin-valley coupling physics.

Manganese phosphorus triselenide (MnPSe3) has a great potential in spintronics with its particular advantages in solar energy conversion and storage applications and novel spin-valley coupling physics.

Manganese phosphorus triselenide ultrathin films have strong absorption in the visible-light spectrum, photocatalytic water splitting into hydrogen and oxygen simultaneously, broad applicability (pH = 0–7), high carrier mobility  and  availability from nature abundant elements, MnPSe3 nanosheets has great potentials as photocatalysts for water splitting.

What is spintronics? Spintronics is the study of the intrinsic spin of the electron and its associated magnetic moment. Spintronics measurement does not relies on electrons' charge, but on another of their fundamental quantum-mechanical properties, spin.

Literature and Reviews

  • Tunable electronic structure and magnetic coupling in strained two-dimensional semiconductor, MnPSe3, Q. Pei et al. Front. Phys., 13, 137105 (2018); doi: 10.1007/s11467-018-0796-9.
  • Half-Metallicity in MnPSe3 Exfoliated Nanosheet with Carrier Doping, X. Li et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 136(31) 11065-11069 (2014); doi: 10.1021/ja505097m.
  • Magnetic ground state of semiconducting transition metal trichalcogenide monolayers, N. Sivadas et al., Phys. Rev. B, 91, 235425 (2015); doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.235425.
  • Magnetism in MnPSe3: a layered 3d5 antiferromagnet with unusually large XY anisotropy, P. Jeevanandam et al., J. Phys. Condens. Matter., 11 (17), 3563 (1999); doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/11/17/314.
  • Controlling the spin and valley degeneracy splitting in monolayer MnPSe3 by atom doping, L. Zhong etal., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 19, 15388-15393 (2017); DOI:10.1039/C7CP00964J.
  • MnPSe3 Monolayer: A Promising 2D Visible-Light Photohydrolytic Catalyst with High Carrier Mobility, X. Zhang et al., Adv. Sci., 3, 1600062 (2016); DOI: 10.1002/advs.201600062.
  • Superior Electronic Structure in Two-Dimensional MnPSe3/MoS2 van der Waals Heterostructures, Q. Pei et al., Sci. Rep., 7, 9504 (2017); doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-10145-z.
  • High Crystal Quality 2D Manganese Phosphorus Trichalcogenide Nanosheets and their Photocatalytic Activity, T. Shifa et al., Adv. Funct. Mater., 28(18), 1800548 (2018); doi: 10.1002/adfm.201800548.

Technical Data

CAS Number ‎‎N/A
Chemical Formula MnPSe3
Molecular Weight 322.79 g/mol
Bandgap 2.32 eV (direct)
Preparation Synthetic - Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT)
Structure ‎Monoclinic
Electronic Properties 2D magnetic semiconductor
Melting Point ‎N/A
Colour Green
Synonyms Manganese phosphoselenide, Manganese selenophosphate
Classification / Family 2D layered transition metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (MPX3), Magnetic semiconductor, Antiferromagnet, Nano-electronics, Nano-photonics, Photovoltaic, Materials science

Product Details

Form Purity
Powder ≥99.995%
Crystal ≥99.999%

MSDS Documents

Manganese phosphorus triselenide powder MSDSManganese phosphorus triselenide powder

Manganese phosphorus triselenide crystal MSDSManganese phosphorus triselenide crystal

Pricing Table

Product Code Form Size/Weight* Price
M2210C1 Powder 1 g £350
M2210A10 Crystal Small (≥10 mm2) £520 ea.
M2210A25 Crystal Medium (≥25 mm2) £850 ea.

*typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary

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To the best of our knowledge the information provided here is accurate. The values provided are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch. Products may have minor cosmetic differences (e.g. to the branding) compared to the photos on our website. All products are for laboratory and research and development use only.

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