Rhenium Diselenide Crystal


Order Code: M2140A10
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Size Product code Size description* Quantity (EA) Price
Small M2140A10 >10 mm2 1 £395.7
Medium M2140A25 >25 mm2 1 £636.7

*typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary

General Information

CAS number 12038-64-1
Chemical formula ReSe2
Molecular weight 344.13 g/mol
Bandgap ~ 1.1 eV (direct)
Synonyms Rhenium selenide, Bis(selanylidene)rhenium
Classification / Family Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs), 2D semiconductor materials, Nano-electronics, Nano-photonics, Photovoltaic, Materials science

Product Details

Form Single crystal
Preparation Synthetic - Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT)
Purity ≥ 99.999%
Structure Triclinic
Electronic properties 2D semiconductor
Melting point n/a
Appearance Dark brown crystal

General Description

Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) belongs to the family of layered transition metal dichalcogenide (TMDC) semiconductors with layers bound by van der Waals forces. However, Unlike most of the TMDCs such as MoS2 and WSe2, (which crystallise in a 2H-hexagonal structure) ReSe2 shows a distorted CdCl2-type lattice structure. Each unit cell of ReSe2 contains four unit layers, which includes two categories of rhenium (Re) atoms together with four categories of selenium (Se) atoms.

The Se atoms on top and at the bottom sandwich the Re atoms in the middle to form a monolayer lattice of ReSe2. Adjacent Re atoms are bonded in a distorted zigzag four-atom parallelogram form. Calculations identified that such a distorted octahedral (1T') crystal structure with triclinic symmetry has lower energy than its hexagonal counterpart to promote stabilty.

The triclinic symmetry of the crystal lattice caused by the Re4 “diamond-shaped” parallelograms renders it optically bi-axial, giving the rise of an inherent anisotropic in-plane polarisation response. For this reason, ReSe2 and its doped hybrid materials are promising candidates for optical logic gates and optical computation.

Rhenium-Diselenide-crystal-structure, ReSe2-product-image
The crystal structure of triclinic rhenium diselenide (ReSe2).

 

Applications

With a direct bandgap of ~ 1.1 eV, rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) can be used for energy harvesting photovoltaic device and energy storage electrocatalytic devices such as hydrogen evolution reactions (HERs).

Due to its reduced lattice symmetry, it also has potential applications in electronics, optoelectronics and thermoelectrics such as photodetectors, lasers and transistors.

Synthesis

Rhenium diselenide is manufactured using chemical vapour transport (CVT) crystallisation, with crystals having a purity in excess of 99.999%.

Usage

Rhenium diselenide single crystals can be used to prepare monolayer and few-layer ReSe2 by mechanical or liquid exfoliation. 

Literature and Reviews

  1. Temperature dependence of Raman shifts in layered ReSe2 and SnSe2 semiconductor nanosheets, A. Taube, Appl. Phys. Lett. 107, 013105 (2015); doi: 10.1063/1.4926508
  2. Rhenium diselenide (ReSe2) infrared photodetector enhanced by (3aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APTMS) treatment, M. H. Alia et al., Org. Electron.,  53, 14–19 (2018); doi: 10.1016/j.orgel.2017.11.006.
  3. Interlayer Interactions in Anisotropic Atomically-thin  Rhenium Diselenide, H. Zhao et al.,  Nano Res., 8(11): 3651–3661 (2015); DOI: 10.1007/s12274-015-0865-0.
  4. Highly Anisotropic in-Plane Excitons in Atomically Thin and Bulklike 1T′‑ReSe2, A. Arora et al., Nano Lett., 17, 3202−3207 (2017); DOI:10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00765.
  5. Layer-dependent electrical and optoelectronic responses of ReSe2 nanosheet transistors, S. Yang et al., Nanoscale,6, 7226–7231 (2014); DOI: 10.1039/c4nr01741b.
  6. Direct identification of monolayer rhenium diselenide by an individual diffraction pattern, Z. Fei et al., Nano Res.,  10(7): 2535–2544 (2017); DOI 10.1007/s12274-017-1639-7.
  7. Application of chemical vapor-deposited monolayer ReSe2 in the electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution reaction, S. Jian et al., Nano Res., 11(4): 1787–1797 (2018); doi:10.1007/s12274-017-1796-8.
  8. Broad Detection Range Rhenium Diselenide Photodetector Enhanced by (3-Aminopropyl)Triethoxysilane and Triphenylphosphine Treatment, S-H.Jo et al., Adv. Mater., 28, 6711–6718 (2016); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201601248.