Order Code: M1311MSDS sheet
PCDTBT is now available featuring:
- High efficiency (power conversion efficiencies of up to 6.7% having been achieved in our own labs)
- High purity (PCDTBT is purified by soxhlet extraction with methanol, hexane and chlorobenzene under argon atmosphere)
- Batch-specific GPC data (so you have confidence in what you are ordering and GPC data is always convenient for your thesis and publications)
- Larger quantity orders (so you can plan your experiments with polymer from the same batch)
|M1311||5 g / 10 g*||Please enquire|
*for 5 - 10 grams order quantity, the lead time is 4-6 weeks.
|Molecular weight||See Batch Details for information|
|HOMO / LUMO||HOMO = -5.4 eV, LUMO = -3.6 eV|
|Solubility||Chloroform, chlorobenzene, dichlorobenzene and trichlorobenzene|
|Classification / Family||Polycarbazoles, Heterocyclic five-membered ring, Organic semiconducting materials, Low band gap polymers, Organic photovoltaics, Polymer solar cells, OFETs and Perovskite solar cells|
PCDTBT is one of the next generation donor materials developed for organic photovoltaics to produce better efficiencies and lifetimes. The key properties of PCDTBT result from the lower HOMO/LUMO levels which lead to advantages over standard organic photovoltaic materials of increased open circuit voltage, longer wavelength absorption and improved stability under ambient conditions.
The lower lying HOMO level of PCDTBT makes it much more stable under ambient conditions and therefore an ideal candidate to use with large area deposition methods such as ink-jet printing, spray coating and blade coating. However, for these deposition techniques, uniform, aggregate free coatings are essential and so lower molecular weights are often desirable.
Power conversion efficiencies of up to 6.7% have been achieved in our own labs using PCDTBT (M137) in a standard reference architecture using PEDOT:PSS as a hole interface and calcium/aluminium as an electron interface. By using advanced interface materials and antireflection coatings PCDTBT has also achieved up to 7.2% in the literature .
For information on processing please see our specific fabrication details for PCDTBT below, general fabrication video, general fabrication guide, optical modelling paper on our standard architecture , or email us for any additional help and support.
References (please note that Ossila has no formal connection to any other authors or institutions in these references):
- Efficient, Air-Stable Bulk Heterojunction Polymer Solar Cells Using MoOx as the Anode Interfacial Layer, Y. Sun et al., Advanced Materials, 23, 2226-2230 (2011)
- Optimising the efficiency of carbazole co-polymer solar-cells by control over the metal cathode electrode, D.C. Watters et al., Organic Electronics, 13, 1401-1408 (2012)
- Efficient perovskite photovoltaic devices using chemically doped PCDTBT as a hole-transport material, M. Wong-Stringer et al., J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 15714-15723; DOI: 10.1039/C7TA03103C.
Availability & Usage
The below materials are in stock for immediate dispatch to research institutions worldwide. They can be bought online via Paypal checkout or via a standard purchase order.
In general, PCDTBT is used at lower concentrations than P3HT (typically 4 to 7 mg/ml) and higher blend ratios (1:4 PCDTBT:PC70BM) and as such 100 mg of PCDTBT will make around 500 devices on Ossila's standard ITO substrates (20 x 15 mm) even assuming 50% material loss in filtration and solution preparation. Please note that as the higher molecular weight fractions have a lower yield we are now operating differential pricing policy. See below for more details on separation, yield and differential pricing.
For high performance organic photovoltaics with efficiencies of 6% and above poly[N-9'-heptadecanyl-2,7-carbazole-alt-5,5-(4',7'-di-2-thienyl-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole)] (PCDTBT)
We have achieved efficiencies of 6.7% in our own labs using a standard reference architecture of PEDOT:PSS as a hole interface and calcium/aluminium as an electron interface (see below for fabrication details). Our paper published in Nature Scientific Reports titled Molecular weight dependent vertical composition profiles of PCDTBT:PC71BM blends for organic photovoltaics explores the effect and optimisation of molecular weight.
Ossila’s reference devices were made by dissolving PCDTBT (M137) at 4 mg/ml in anhydrous chlorobenzene using a stir-bar and hotplate at 80°C overnight. This was then mixed with Ossila’s dry 95%/5% C70 PCBM (M113) powder in a 1:4 blend ratio to produce an overall concentration of 20 mg/ml.The blend solution was heated with a stir-bar on a hotplate at 80°C for 2 hours before cooling to room temperature over 10 minutes and filtering with a 0.45 μm PTFE filter immediately prior to spinning at 700 rpm to give a film of approx. 70 nm.
Glass / ITO / PEDOT:PSS / PCDTBT:PC70BM / Ca / Al
Ossila’s pre-patterned ITO substrates (S171) with 100 nm (20 Ω/square) ITO were cleaned with the following procedure:
- 5 minutes sonication in hot 1% Hellmanex III
- 2x hot dump rinses, 1x cold dump rinse
- 5 minutes sonication in warm IPA
- 3x cold dump rinses
- 5 minutes sonication in hot 10% NaOH solution
- 2x cold dump rinses then stored in DI water until use
- N2 blow dry before spin-coating the hole transport layer (no further cleaning or surface treatment required)
PEDOT:PSS (AI4083 from Ossila) was filtered through a 0.45 μm PVDF filter before spin coating at 6000 rpm in air to produce a layer 30 nm thick. The coated substrates were then stored on a hotplate at 150°C before transfer into a glovebox and a further bake of 150°C for 10 mins to remove any residual moisture.The active ink was spin cast and the cathode strip wiped clean using chlorobenzene before transfer to an evaporator where 2.5 nm of Ca followed by 100 nm of Al were deposited at <10-6 mbar. The substrates were then annealed at 80°C for 15 mins on a hotplate in the glovebox before protecting with the Ossila encapsulation system. Measurement was performed under ambient conditions using a Newport 92251A AM1.5 100 mW/cm2 solar simulator and NREL certified silicon reference cell.
All-Inkjet-Printed, All-Air-Processed Solar Cells, Sirringhaus, McNeill et al., Advanced Energy Materials, 1400432, 2014
"Our in depth study on PCDTBT:PC70BM layers demonstrated that inkjet-printed blend layers exhibited similar nanoscale structure and excited state dynamics to spin-coated layers."
To the best of our knowledge the technical information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this information. The values provided here are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch.