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Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide (NiPS3) Powder and Crystal

2D Semiconductor Materials, Anode Materials, Low Dimensional Materials


Product Code M2211C1-500mg
Price $275 ex. VAT

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Low price, high purity 2D nickel phosphorus trisulfide powder and crystal

For the development of next-generation electronics, optoelectronics, and nanotechnology


Nickel phosphorus trisulfide (NiPS3) is a layered quasi-two dimensional antiferromagnetic (AFM) semiconductor (TN=155 K). Nickel phosphorus trisulfide (NiPS3) belongs to the group of 2D layered transition metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (MPX3). Among them, NiPS3 has quite unique physical properties with capability of both p-type and n-type doping for device applications and the smallest bandgap energy (~1.6 eV).

NiPS3 high purity Crystal

High Purity

NiPS3 ≥99.999% high purity crystal

Powder & Crystal Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide

Powder & Crystal

Powder & Crystal Forms

Low Cost Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide

Low Cost

Low Cost Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide

Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide Applications

Applications

Development of next-generation electronics, optoelectronics, and nanotechnology

The antiferromagnetic ordering in NiPS3 is persistent down to two-layer nano-structures and is substantially suppressed in the monolayer, unlike the case of Ising-type antiferromagnet FePS3 in which antiferromagnetic ordering maintains down to the monolayer limit. Antiferromagnetic van der Waals material NiPS3 offers a good model system for the XY Hamiltonian or XXZ-type, while FePS3 of anistropic Ising-type and MnPS3 of isotropic Heisenberg-type.

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide powder

Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide Powder

Can be used for preparation of nickel phosphorus trisulfide nanoplates and ultrathin films

Available in quantities of 1 g

≥99.995% purity

From £350

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide by size

Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide Crystals by Size

Can be used to produce single or few-layer nickel phosphorus trisulfide sheets via mechanical or liquid exfoliation

Small (≥10 mm2) or medium (≥25 mm2) crystals available*

≥99.999% purity

From £520

*Typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary

Bulk single nickel phosphorus trisulfide crystal is most commonly used as sources from which single or few-layer sheets can be obtained via either mechanical or liquid exfoliation. Single nickel phosphorus trisulfide crystal or films produced from such crystals are suitable for study using atomic force microscopy or transmission electron microscopy.

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Few-layer NiPS3 nanosheets and nanoparticles can also obtained from nickel phosphorus trisulfide powder by liquid-exfoliation.

Key Product Data

Structure of Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide

NiPS3 crystalises in monoclinic crystal structure containing two molecular formula units per unit cell (Ni2P2S6). NiPS3 consists of layers of covalently bonded clusters of [P2Se6]4-dumbbell bipyramids with honeycomb arrangement of divalent nickel ions. Individual layers are bound via weak van der Waals and can be easily separated into few-layer nanosheets by either mechanical or liquid exfoliation.

NiPS3 - nickel phosphorus trisulfide crystal structure
The crystal structure of single-layer nickel phosphorus trisulfide (NiPS3)

Properties of Nickel Phosphorus Trisulfide

After exfoliation of nickel phosphorus trisulfide crystal or powder, NiPS3 typically has the following properties:

  • ‎Monoclinic (space group: C2/m)
  • Transition metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (MPX3)
  • NiPS3 offers a good model system for the XY Hamiltonian or XXZ-type
  • NiPS3 is a layered quasi-two dimensional antiferromagnetic semiconductor (TN=155 K)
  • The antiferromagnetic ordering in NiPS3 is persistent down to bilayer and substantially suppressed in the monolayer,

Applications of Nicklel Phosphorus Trisulfide

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide (NiPS3) single crystals can be used to prepare monolayer and few-layer NiPS3 by mechanical or liquid exfoliation. 

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide is suitable for liquid chemical exfoliation to prepare NiPS3 nanosheets and nanoparticles down to few-layer films.

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide exhibits n-type semiconducting behaviour with on/off ratio of 103–105. NiPS3 nanosheets can be built into humidity sensors, FETs, modulators, switches and health and environmental monitoring devices.

Ultrathin few-layer nickel phosphorus trisulfide nanosheets has great potentials as anodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) with excellent electrochemical properties in terms of stable cycling performance and rate capabilities

With appropriate positions of the band edges, NiPS3 can directly generate hydrogen gas from pure water without any sacrificial agents under sunlight. NiPS3 nanosheets is also being explored as electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with outstanding long-term durability.

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide (NiPS3) single crystals can be used to prepare monolayer and few-layer NiPS3 by mechanical or liquid exfoliation. 

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide is suitable for liquid chemical exfoliation to prepare NiPS3 nanosheets and nanoparticles down to few-layer films.

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide exhibits n-type semiconducting behaviour with on/off ratio of 103–105. NiPS3 nanosheets can be built into humidity sensors, FETs, modulators, switches and health and environmental monitoring devices.

Ultrathin few-layer nickel phosphorus trisulfide nanosheets has great potentials as anodes for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) with excellent electrochemical properties in terms of stable cycling performance and rate capabilities

With appropriate positions of the band edges, NiPS3 can directly generate hydrogen gas from pure water without any sacrificial agents under sunlight. NiPS3 nanosheets is also being explored as electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction (OER) with outstanding long-term durability.

Literature and Reviews

  • Magnetic structure of the quasi-two-dimensional antiferromagnet, NiPS3, A. Wilde et al., Phys. Rev. B, 92, 224408 (2015); doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.224408.
  • Charge-Spin Correlation in van der Waals Antiferromagnet NiPS3, S. Kim et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 136402 (2018); doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.136402.
  • The magnetic exchange parameters and anisotropy of the quasi-two dimensional antiferromagnet NiPS3, D. Lançon et al., hys. Rev. B, 98, 134414 (2018); doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.98.134414.
  • Magnetism and exchange in the layered antiferromagnet NiPS3, N. Chandrasekharan et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter, 6, 4569 (1994); doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/6/24/017.
  • NiPS3 nanoflakes: a nonlinear optical material for ultrafast photonics, J. Liu et al., Nanoscale,11, 14383-14391 (2019); DOI: 10.1039/C9NR03964C.
  • Two-dimensional, few-layer NiPS3 for flexible humidity sensor with high selectivity, R. Jenjeti et al., J. Mater. Chem. A, 7, 14545-14551 (2019); DOI: 10.1039/C9TA03214B.
  • Two-dimensional metal phosphorus trisulfide nanosheet with solar hydrogen-evolving activity, F. Wang et al., Nano Energy, 40, 673-680 (2017); doi: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2017.09.017.
  • Few-layer NiPS3 nanosheets as bifunctional materials for Li-ion storage and oxygen evolution reaction, R. Dangol et al., Nanoscale,10, 4890-4896 (2018); DOI: 10.1039/C7NR08745D.
  • The energy band alignment at the interface between mechanically exfoliated few-layer NiPS3 nanosheets and ZnO, C. Kuo et al., Curr. Appl. Phys., 16, 404-408(2016); DOI: 10.1016/j.cap.2016.01.001.
  • Improving the intrinsic electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity of few-layer NiPS3 by cobalt doping, K. Li et al. Chem. Commun.,53, 819 (2017); DOI: 10.1039/c7cc03173d.
  • Suppression of magnetic ordering in XXZ-type antiferromagnetic monolayer NiPS3, K.Kim et al., Nat. Commun., 10, 345 (2019); doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-08284-6.

Technical Data

CAS Number ‎‎N/A
Chemical Formula NiPS3
Molecular Weight 185.86 g/mol
Bandgap ~1.6 eV (in bulk)
Preparation Synthetic - Chemical Vapour Transport (CVT)
Structure ‎Monoclinic
Electronic Properties 2D Magnetic semiconductor
Melting Point ‎N/A
Colour Green
Synonyms Nickel phosphosulphide, Nickel thiophosphate, Nickel phosphorous trisulphide
Classification / Family 2D layered transition metal phosphorus trichalcogenides (MPX3), Magnetic semiconductor, Antiferromagnet, Nano-electronics, Nano-photonics, Photovoltaic, Materials science

Product Details

Form Purity
Powder ≥99.995%
Crystal ≥99.999%

MSDS Documents

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide powder MSDSNickel phosphorus trisulfide powder

Nickel phosphorus trisulfide crystal MSDSNickel phosphorus trisulfide crystal

Pricing Table

Product Code Form Size/Weight* Price
M2211C1 Powder 500 mg £220
M2211C1 Powder 1 g
£350
M2211A10 Crystal Small (≥10 mm2) £520 ea.
M2211A25 Crystal Medium (≥25 mm2) £850 ea.

*typical representative size, areas/dimensions may vary.

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To the best of our knowledge the information provided here is accurate. The values provided are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch. Products may have minor cosmetic differences (e.g. to the branding) compared to the photos on our website. All products are for laboratory and research and development use only.

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