CzSi is known for its high triplet energy, wide band-gap, and high glass-transition temperature (Tg >131 °C). It is one of the most widely-used TADF host materials for blue electrophosphorescence.
It possesses bulky, sterically-hindered triphenylsilyl substitutions on electrochemically-active C3 and C6 positions of carbazole. With a nearly-perfect 90°C dihedral angle between its carbazole and tert-butylphenyl groups, CzSi exhibits enhanced morphological and superior electrochemical stability.
FIrpic: archetypal blue phosphorescent emitter for electroluminescence, E. Baranof et al., Dalton Trans., 44, 8318 (2015); DOI: 10.1039/c4dt02991g.
Highly Efficient Organic Blue Electrophosphorescent Devices Based on 3,6-Bis(triphenylsilyl)carbazole as the Host Material, M-H. Tsai et al., Adv. Mater., 18, 1216–1220 (2006); DOI: 10.1002/adma.200502283.
Iridium(III) Complexes of a Dicyclometalated Phosphite Tripod Ligand: Strategy to Achieve Blue Phosphorescence Without Fluorine Substituents and Fabrication of OLEDs, C-H. Lin et al., Angew. Chem., 123, 3240 –3244 (2011); DOI: 10.1002/ange.201005624 .
En Route to High External Quantum Efficiency (~12%), Organic True-Blue-Light-Emitting Diodes Employing Novel Design of Iridium (III) Phosphors, Y-C. Chiu et al., Adv. Mater., 21, 2221–2225 (2009); DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802546.
Highly efficient white organic light-emitting diodes based on broadexcimer emission of iridium complex, G. Zhang et al., Org. Electronics 11, 1165–1171 (2010); doi:10.1016/j.orgel.2010.04.016.
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