FBR molecule, NFA which reduces the tendency of crystallization
Used to achieve one of the highest open voltages for polymer organic solar cells
FBR, having a similar AA-D-AA type structure to IDFBR, contains electron-donating alkylated fluorene as the core, flanked by electron withdrawing benzothiadiazole (BT) and 3-ethylrhodanine units on the periphery terminals.
FBR reduces the tendency of crystallization and helps to prevent the formation of large crystalline domains in the BHJ donor/acceptor blend composition leading to better device performance efficiency and longer life-times.
Comparing to PC71BM, FBR has a relatively high lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) which in theory should give a higher open voltage (Voc). This is indeed the case for polymer organic solar cells with PffBT4T-2DT as the polymer donor and FBR as the electron acceptor, yielding a device performance efficiency over 7.8% with an open voltage of 1.12 eV. This is one of the highest achieved open voltages for polymer organic solar cells.
Device structure: ITO/ZnO/PffBT4T-2DT:FBR/MoOx/Ag 
|Thickness (nm)||VOC (V)||JSC (mA cm-2)||FF (%)||PCE (%)|
|Purity||>98% (1H NMR)|
|Molecular weight||1001.44 g/mol|
|Absorption*||λmax 510 nm (Film)|
|HOMO / LUMO||HOMO = -5.83 eV, LUMO = -3.75 eV |
|Classification / Family||NFAs, n-type non-fullerene electron acceptors, Organic semiconducting materials, Low band-gap small molecule, Small molecular acceptor, Organic photovoltaics, Polymer solar cells, NF-PSCs.|
MSDS DocumentationFBR MSDS Sheet
Literature and Reviews
- Reduced voltage losses yield 10% efficient fullerene free organic solar cells with >1 V open circuit voltages, D. Baran et al., Energy Environ. Sci., 9, 3783--3793 (2016); DOI: 10.1039/c6ee02598f.
- A Rhodanine Flanked Nonfullerene Acceptor for Solution-Processed Organic Photovoltaics, S. Holliday et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 137, 2, 898–904 (2015); doi: 10.1021/ja5110602.
- Critical review of the molecular design progress in non-fullerene electron acceptors towards commercially viable organic solar cells, A. Wadsworth et al., Chem. Soc. Rev., 48, 1596 (2019); DOI: 10.1039/c7cs00892a.
- Influence of Blend Morphology and Energetics on Charge Separation and Recombination Dynamics in Organic Solar Cells Incorporating a Nonfullerene Acceptor, H. Cha et al., Adv. Funct. Mater., 1704389 (2017); doi: 10.1002/adfm.201704389.
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