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Product Code M2447A1-250mg
Price £230 ex. VAT

Small Self-Assembled Monolayer Molecule for High Efficiency Solar Cells

MPA-CPA, Hole transport or extraction layer for NFA-polymer solar cells and p-i-n perovskite solar cells, CAS No. 2212003-31-9, (2-(4-(Bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)-1-cyanovinyl)phosphonic acid

MPA-CPA is a self-assembled monolayer materials consisting of a dimethoxy-triphenylamine terminal group, a cyano-vinyl linker, and phosphonic acid anchoring group. MPA-CPA coated substrate promotes high quality perovskite films with minimal defects at the buried interface by giving a superwetting underlayer bedding for perovskite deposition, enabling highly efficient perovskite solar cells with great stability.

MPA-CPA is amphiphilic with hydrophilic cyano-vinyl group on the linker and phosphonic acid as the anchor, and also a hydrophobic methoxy-substituted triarylamine terminal group. The hydrophilic groups promote the hydrophilicity of self-assembled monolayer, making it highly wettable for the perovskite precursor solutions to form very uniform and large-area perovskite films on the MPA-CPA coated substrate without any pre-wetting treatment. The phosphonic acid anchoring group also gives rise of pinhole-free and coherent interface between the substrate electrode and the perovskite active layer. Also, the anchoring group acts as an excellent passivation agent to minimise the deep-level defects owing to the synergistic coordination of the cyano and phosphonic groups with lead ions through Pb–N and Pb–O bonds. As a result, the perovskite films deposited on top of and passivated by MPA-CPA self-assembled monolayer shows a high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of 17%, twice of that obtained by 2PACz-passivated perovskite.

Serving as hole selective contact for organic solar cells and perovskite solar cells, MPA-CPA is an alternative to PEDOT:PSS with superior performance with the convenience of solution deposition at low concentration, i.e. 1 mM.

Solution Processing Procedure

Typical processing solvents: Anhydrous ethanol (IPA, IPA/DMF are also superior solvents)
Typical concentration: 1.0 mg/ml
Typical processing procedure: MPA-CPA is dissolved in anhydrous ethanol at a concentration of 1.0 mg/ml. The solution is spun coated on the substrate for 30 s at 3000 rpm in a nitrogen filled glove box. The resulting MPA-CPA coated substrate is then cooled to room temperature after being annealed for 10 min at 100 ℃ (DOI: 10.1126/science.adg3755). The coated substrate can further be washed with a mixed solution of DMSO and DMF (volume ratio of 4:1) by spin-coating the mixture of the solvents for 30 s at 3000 rpm, then annealed for 5-10 min at 100 ℃.

General Information

CAS Number 2212003-31-9
Chemical Formula C23H21N2O5P
Molecular Weight 436.40 g/mol
Absorption* λmax (n.a.)
Fluorescence λem (n.a.)
HOMO/LUMO HOMO = 5.5 eV, LUMO = 2.1 eV
Synonyms (2-(4-(Bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)-1-cyanovinyl)phosphonic acid
Classification or Family Triphenylamine derivatives, Self-assembly monolayers, Hole transport layer, Hole extraction layer, p-i-n Perovskite solar cells, Organic photovoltaics

Product Details

Purity > 98% (HPLC)
Melting Point n.a.
Orange powder

Chemical Structure

MPA-CPA - 2212003-31-9 - (2-(4-(Bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)-1-cyanovinyl)phosphonic acid
MPA-CPA - (2-(4-(Bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)-1-cyanovinyl)phosphonic acid chemical structure, 2212003-31-9

MSDS Documentation

MPA-CPA - 2212003-31-9 - (2-(4-(Bis(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)phenyl)-1-cyanovinyl)phosphonic acidMPA-CPA MSDS Sheet

Literature and Reviews

  1. Advantages and challenges of self-assembled monolayer as a hole-selective contact for perovskite solar cells, S. Wang et al., Mater. Futures. 2, 012105 (2023); DOI: 10.1088/2752-5724/acbb5a.
  2. Minimizing buried interfacial defects for efficient inverted perovskite solar cells, S. Zhang et al., Science, 380 (6643), 404-409 (2023); DOI: 10.1126/science.adg37.
  3. Self-assembled monolayers as hole-transporting materials for inverted perovskite solar cells, Z. Lan et al., Mol. Syst. Des. Eng., 8, 1440-1455 (2023); DOI: 10.1039/D3ME00144J.


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