|Molecular weight||788.89 g/mol|
|Absorption||λmax 365 nm in acetonitrile|
|Fluorescene||λem 551 nm in acetonitrile|
|HOMO/LUMO||HOMO = 5.8 eV, LUMO = 3.4 eV |
|Classification / Family||Carbazole, TADF green emitter materials, Phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices (PHOLEDs), Sublimed materials|
|Purity||Sublimed >99.5% (HPLC)|
|Melting point||TGA: >300 °C (0.5% weight loss)|
*Sublimation is a technique used to obtain ultra pure-grade chemicals. For more details about sublimation, please refer to the Sublimed Materials for OLED devices page.
Out of its three isomers, 4CzIPN has the highest photo-luminescence quantum efficiency (PLQY) of above 90%. This is due to the wide dispersion the highest-occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) over the donor moieties. Relatively short excited-state lifetime of delayed emission was reported. Additionally, higher external quantum efficiency (EQE) was observed by using 4CzIPN as an emitter in TADF-OLED devices.
Despite its low solubility in most of the aromatic solvents, 4CzIPN is also solution-processable in solvents such as dichloromethane or chloroform. This is due to the structure distortion of the carbazole units caused by steric hindrance.
|Device structure||ITO (70 nm)/(4 wt% ReO 3 ):mCP (50 nm)/mCP (15 nm)/mCP:B3PyMPM:(5 wt% 4CzIPN) (30 nm)/B3PYMPM (20 nm)/(4 wt% Rb2CO3):B3PYMPM (35 nm)/Al (100 nm) |
|Max. Current Efficiency||94.5 cd/A|
|Max. Power Efficiency||88.6 Im/W|
|Device structure||ITO (50 nm)/PEDOT:PSS (60 nm)/poly(9-vinylcarbazole) (15 nm)/SiCz:4CzIPN (30 nm)/TSPO1 (35 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (200 nm) |
|Max. Power Efficiency||63.4 Im/W|
|Device structure||ITO(130 nm)/TAPC (35 nm)/CBP (5 nm)/5 wt% 4CzIPN doped CBP (5 nm)/B4PyPPM (65 nm)/LiF (0.8 nm)/Al (100 nm) |
|Max. Current Efficiency||83.2 cd/A|
|Max. Power Efficiency||106.9 Im/W|
Literature and Reviews
- Promising operational stability of high-efficiency organic light-emitting diodes based on thermally activated delayed fluorescence, H. Nakanotani et al., Sci Rep., 3: 2127 (2013); doi: 10.1038/srep02127.
- Solvent Effect on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence by 1,2,3,5-Tetrakis(carbazol-9-yl)-4,6-dicyanobenzene, R. Ishimatsu et al., J. Phys. Chem. A, 117, 5607−5612 (2013); DOI: 10.1021/jp404120s.
- A Fluorescent Organic Light-Emitting Diode with 30% External Quantum Efficiency, J-W. Sun et al., Adv. Mater., 26, 5684–5688 (2014); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201401407.
- High Efficiency in a Solution-Processed Thermally Activated Delayed-Fluorescence Device Using a Delayed-Fluorescence Emitting Material with Improved Solubility, Y-J. Cho et al., Adv. Mater., 26, 6642–6646 (2014); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201402188.
- High-Performance Green OLEDs Using Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence with a Power Efﬁ ciency of over 100 lmW−1, Y. Seino et al; Adv. Mater., 28, 2638–2643 (2016); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201503782.