Graphene

Order Code: M901
MSDS sheet

Price

(excluding Taxes)

£166.00


Graphene

Graphene is one of the most popular materials within research. The initial discovery of a simple method to exfoliate single layers from bulk graphite in 2004 heralded the start of the era of 2d materials. It was discovered that properties of single layers differed drastically from those of the bulk material. Many of these properties exceeded those of any known material and even today graphene is still proving to be one of the most exciting materials around. In 2015 alone there were nearly 22,000 publications on graphene from around the world.

At Ossila we sell powdered graphene in several forms; including monolayer flakes, multilayer flakes, and nanoplatelets. Each of these powders can be dispersed using our recommended solvents or dispersion guides for quick use.

Graphene Structure

Graphene XRD


Product List

At Ossila we have a range of different graphene powders for sale including monolayer graphene (M901), multilayer graphene (M911/M912), and graphene nanoplatelets (M941). These materials come packed as dry powders and ready for re-dispersion within the users solvent of choice.

Powders

Product code M901 M911 M912 M941
Flake Size 0.8-3 μm ~6 μm ~80 μm ~5 μm
Flake Thickness 0.7-1.2 nm 0.7-7 nm 0.7-7 nm 5-8 nm
Single layer ratio 99.8% N/A N/A N/A
Purity >99% 99.8% 99.8% >99.5%
Minimum Amounts 250 mg or 500 mg 1 g 1 g 5 g or 25 g
Packaging Information Light resistant bottle Light resistant bottle Light resistant bottle Light resistant bottle
MSDS Graphene MSDS Graphene MSDS Graphene MSDS Graphene MSDS

 *For larger orders please email us to discuss prices

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What is Graphene?

Graphene is a hexagonal lattice of carbon atoms that spread to form a single sheet in 2 dimensions, there is no limit to the size that graphene sheets can become. Graphene is the constituent material of several forms of carbon materials including graphite, carbon nanotubes, and fullerenes. The existence of graphene has been well know for a long time with TEM images of multi-layer graphene structures being taken as early as the 1940's. However, it was not until the discovery of a simple method for isolating single layers of graphene was discovered in 2004 that research into this material began in earnest.

Initial work on graphene showed that it had properties that vastly exceeded those of the bulk graphite that it was taken from. Properties such as the strength showed that a single layer of the material was over 200 times stronger than steel; the mobility of both holes and electrons were comparable to that of bulk metals such as copper; the thermal conductivity is so high as to be considered ballistic without impedance from the material itself; and single layers have a high opacity with over 2% of light at the near infrared being absorbed.

All of these unique properties mean that graphene could find use in a wide variety of applications including electrochemical capacitor devices, anti-corrosion coatings, composite materials, transparent conducting films, thermal pastes, as well as sensing and biosensing applications.

 

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Dispersion Guides

Graphene is hydrophobic, making it difficult to create stable dispersions in most solvents. At Ossila, we have found that the most stable dispersions can be produced using the following recipe:

  • Weigh out desired amount of material, can go up to 0.1 mg.ml-1.
  • Add 3:2 ratio of isopropyl alcohol to ethylene glycol.
  • Shake vigorously to break up material.
  • A 2 hour treatment in an ultrasonic bath will homogeneously disperse the material (40 kHz, 100 W ultrasonic bath).

       

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      Technical Data

      General Information

      CAS number 1034343-98-0
      Chemical formula CxHy
      Recommended Solvents H2O, N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), Ethanol, IPA, Ethylene Glycol
      Synonyms Single-layer graphene, graphene, graphene monolayer, graphene nanoplatelets
      Classification / Family

      2D semiconducting materials, Carbon nanomaterials, Graphene Oxide, Graphene and Graphene Oxide, Nanomaterials, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, OLEDs, Organic photovoltaics (OPV), Organic electronics.

      Colour

      Black powder/granules

       

      Product Images

      Graphene Flake SEM
      Graphene Nano-Platelet SEM
      SEM images of a single graphene flake (top), and graphene nanoplatelets (bottom).

        

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      Graphene Publications

       

      • Measurement of the Elastic Properties and Intrinsic Strength of Monolayer Graphene, C. Lee et al., Science, 18 (321):5887, 385-388 (2008); DOI: 10.1126/science.1157996.
      • The rise of graphene, A. K. Geim et al., Nat. Mater., 6, 183 - 191 (2007); doi:10.1038/nmat1849.
      • Graphene-based composite materials, S. Stankovich et al., nature, 442, 282-286 (2006); doi:10.1038/nature04969.
      • The electronic properties of graphene, A. H. Castro Neto et al., Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 109 (2009); DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.81.109.
      • Large-scale pattern growth of graphene films for stretchable transparent electrodes, K-S. Kim et al., Nature 457, 706-710 (2009); doi:10.1038/nature07719.
      • Graphene: Status and Prospects, A. K. Geim, Science 19 (324):5934, 1530-1534 (2009); DOI: 10.1126/science.1158877.
      • Graphene-Based Ultracapacitors, M. D. Stoller et al., Nano Lett., 8 (10), 3498–3502 (2008); DOI: 10.1021/nl802558y.
      • Things you could do with graphene, Nat. Nanotech., 9, 737 (2014); doi:10.1038/nnano.2014.245
      • Mechanical reinforcement and thermal conductivity in expanded graphene nanoplatelets reinforced epoxy composites, S. Chatterjee et al., Chem. Phys. Lett., 531, 6–10 (2012); doi:10.1016/j.cplett.2012.02.006.
      • Optically Transparent Cathode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Based on Graphene Nanoplatelets, L. Kavan et al., ACS Nano, 5 (1), 165–172 (2011); DOI: 10.1021/nn102353h.
      • Graphene Nanoplatelets Outperforming Platinum as the Electrocatalyst in Co-Bipyridine-Mediated Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, L. Kavan et al., Nano Lett., 11 (12), 5501–5506 (2011); DOI: 10.1021/nl203329c.
      • Electrochemistry of graphene: new horizons for sensing and energy storage, M. Pumera, Chem. Rec., 9(4), 211-223 (2009); DOI: 10.1002/tcr.200900008.
      • Enhancing the thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties of silicone rubber by addition of graphene nanoplatelets, Y. Song et al., Mater. & Design, 88, 950-957 (2015); doi:10.1016/j.matdes.2015.09.064.
      • Chemical Mass Production of Graphene Nanoplatelets in ∼100% Yield, A. M. Dimiev et al., ACS Nano, 10 (1), 274–279 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b06840.
      • Enhancement of fracture toughness, mechanical and thermal properties of rubber/epoxy composites by incorporation of graphene nanoplatelets, F. Wang et al., Composites: Part A, 87, 10–22 (2016); doi:10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.04.009.
      • Characterization of Graphene-Nanoplatelets Structure via Thermogravimetry, M, Shtein et al., Anal. Chem., 87 (8), 4076–4080 (2015); DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b00228.

        

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      To the best of our knowledge, the technical information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this information. The values provided here are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch.