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Product Code M2187A1
Price $363.00 ex. VAT

PPDN, ETL and HIL material in organic electronic devices

Paired with HATCN to improve device performance

PPDN has a chemical structure of phenanthroline in conjugation with dicarbonitrile-substituted pyrazine. As PPDN is electron-deficient, it can be used as an electron-transport layer (ETL) or hole-injection layer (HIL) material in organic electronic devices.

PPDN can be used as an additive to prevent HATCN crystallisation while it is solution processed. Films prepared from a mixture of PPDN and HATCN have been shown to have a transparent appearance. Furthermore, devices using HATCN and PPDN together showed a lower driving voltage and higher luminescence efficiency when compared to devices made using HATCN alone.

General Information

CAS number 215611-93-1
Full name Pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanthroline-2,3-dicarbonitrile
Chemical formula C16H6N6
Molecular weight 282.26 g/mol
Absorption λmax 307 nm in DCM
Fluorescence λmax 487 nm in DCM
HOMO/LUMO HOMO = 7.47 eV, LUMO = 3.41 eV (DFT)
Classification / Family Electron transport layer (ETL) materials, Hole injection layer (HIL) materials, Sublimed materials, Organic electronics.

Product Details

Purity Sublimed >99% (HPLC)
Melting point TGA: > 270 °C (0.5% weight loss)
Appearance White crystals/powder

Chemical Structure

ppdn 215611-93-1
Chemical structure of PPDN


Grade Order Code Quantity Price
Sublimed (>99% purity) M2187A1 250 mg £290
Sublimed (>99% purity) M2187A1 500 mg £480
Sublimed (>99% purity) M2187A1 1 g £850

MSDS Documentation


Literature and Reviews

  1. Novel materials for fabrication and encapsulation of OLEDs, N. Kalyani et al., Renew. Sust. Energ. Rev., 44, 319–347 (2015); doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.11.070.
  2. Inhibition of solution-processed 1,4,5,8,9,11-hexaazatriphenylene-hexacarbonitrile crystallization by mixing additives for hole injection layers in organic light-emitting devices, S. Ohisa et al., Poly. J., 49, 149–154 (2017); doi: 10.1038/pj.2016.92.

To the best of our knowledge the information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this page. The values provided are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch. All products are for laboratory and research and development use only, and may not be used for any other purpose including health care, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food or commercial applications.

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