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Product Code M0521A2-100mg
Price $246.00 ex. VAT

PolyTPD, excellent HTL material for photovoltaics

High quality polymer available with free shipping on qualifying orders

Poly(N,N'-bis-4-butylphenyl-N,N'-bisphenyl)benzidine, also known as polyTPD, is an excellent hole transport layer material used in photovoltaics such as perovskite solar cells. It has also proven polyTPD is a promising HTL candidate in multilayer WPLEDs because its HOMO level 5.2 eV is very close to the work function of the indium tin oxide ITO/PEDOT:PSS anode.

Ossila's PolyTPD was used in a high-impact paper (IF 13.281)

PolyTPD from Ossila was used in the high-impact paper (IF 13.281), Self-Powered Low-Cost UVC Sensor Based on Organic-Inorganic Heterojunction for Partial Discharge Detection, T. Park et al., Small, 2100695 (2021); DOI: 10.1002/smll.202100695.

As the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) of polyTPD matches well with the VB of the perovskite, which allows for a good transport of holes towards the polyTPD, it is a popular semiconducting material candidate that is used in the HTL of the perovskite structures. And also as the LUMO of polyTPD is significantly closer to vacuum compared with that of the perovskite CB, polyTPD efficiently blocks the flow of electrons [5].

Like PTAA, polyTPD is one of the family members of poly(triaryl)amines.

General Information

CAS number 472960-35-3
Chemical formula (C22H21N)n
Molecular weight

See batch information below

HOMO / LUMO HOMO 5.2 eV LUMO 2.3 eV [1]
Recommended solvents Toluene, THF, Chloroform, Chlorobenzene


Poly(4-butylphenyldiphenylamine), polytpd

    Classification / Family Poly(triarylamines), Organic semiconducting materials, Hole transport layer materials (HTL), Electron block layer material (EBL), Organic Photovoltaics, Polymer Solar Cells, Light-emitting Diodes, Quantun Dot Light-emitting Diodes, OFETs and Perovskite hole transport layer materials.

    Chemical Structure

    Chemical structure of PolyTPD
    Chemical structure of PolyTPD

    Device Structure(s)

    Device structure ITO/PEDOT:PSS/PVK:polyTPD (1:1 wt%) 50 nm/PFO:MEH-PPV*(95.5:0.5 wt%) 70 nm/Ca/Al [4]
    Colour White
    Max. Luminance ~ 5,000 cd/m2
    Max. Current Efficiency 3.15 cd/A
    Device structure ITO/P(VDF-TrFE-CFE) (1000 nm)/poly-TPD:F4TCNQ (7%, 70 nm)/ PVK:OXD-7:Ir(ppy)3 (150 nm)/TmPyPB (40 nm)/LiF (1 nm)/Al (150 nm) [7]
    Colour Green
    Max. Luminance 13,800 cd/m2
    Max. Current Efficiency 76.2 cd/A
    Max. Power Efficiency 17.1 lm W1
    Device structure ITO/PEDOT:PSS (30 nm)/poly-TPD(40 nm)/ DNA-CTMA*(20 nm)/ PFO:MEH-PPV (70 nm)/Cs2CO3(1 – 2 nm)/Al [2]
    Colour White
    Max. Luminance 10,500 cd/m2
    Max. Current Efficiency 10 cd/A

    *For chemical structure informations please refer to the cited references

    Device structure


    PCBM/C60/BCP/Ag [6]


    PCBM/C60/BCP/Ag [6]

    JSC (mA cm-2) 22.0 11.3
    VOC (V) 1.0 (1.1a) 0.79
    FF (%) 69.7 62.7
    PCE (best) 15.3 5.58

    PolyTPD as a HTL to compare with PEDOT:PSS a) 1.0 V in the supporting information and 1.1 V in the body text of the cited lit. [6]

    MSDS Documentation

    PolyTPD MSDSPolyTPD MSDS sheet


    Batch Quantity Price
    M0521A 100 mg £189.00
    M0521A 250 mg £378.00
    M0521A 500 mg £616.00
    M0521A 1 g £977.00

    Batch information

    Batch Mw Mn PDI Stock info
    M521 100-150 kDa Discontinued
    M522 44,797 25,374 1.77 Discontinued
    M523 80,000 22,900 3.5 Discontinued
    M524 52,000 20,800 2.5 Discontinued
    M0521A1 15,000 6,000 2.5 Discontinued
    M0521A2 41 kDa 16.4 kDa 2.5 In Stock

    Literature and Reviews

    1. Bright, multicoloured light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots, Q. Sun et al., Nat. Photonics, 1, 717 - 722 (2007); doi:10.1038/nphoton.2007.226.
    2. Multilayer white polymer light-emitting diodes with deoxyribonucleic acid-cetyltrimetylammonium complex as a hole-transporting/electronblocking layer, Q. Sun et al., Appl. Phys. Lett., 92, 251108 (2008); doi: 10.1063/1.2948864.
    3. Electro-optics of perovskite solar cells, Q. Lin et al., Nat. Photonics, 9, 106–112 (2015); doi:10.1038/nphoton.2014.284.
    4. Enhanced performance of white polymer light-emitting diodes using polymer blends as hole-transporting layers, Q. Sun et al., Appl. Phys. Lett., 89, 153501 (2006);
    5. Perovskite solar cells employing organic charge-transport layers, O. Malinkiewicz et al., Nat. Photonics 8, 128–132 (2014); doi:10.1038/nphoton.2013.341.
    6. High-Efficiency Solution-Processed Planar Perovskite Solar Cells with a Polymer Hole Transport Layer, D. Zhao et al., Adv. Energy Mater., 5, 1401855 (2015); DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201401855.
    7. Solution-Processed Highly Efficient Alternating CurrentDriven Field-Induced Polymer Electroluminescent Devices Employing High- k Relaxor Ferroelectric Polymer Dielectric, Y. Chen et al., Adv. Funct. Mater., 24, 1501–1508 (2014); DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201302587.
    8. Pure Formamidinium-Based Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes with High Efficiency and Low Driving Voltage, L. Meng et al., Adv. Mater., 29, 1603826 (2017); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201603826.

    To the best of our knowledge the information provided here is accurate. However, Ossila assume no liability for the accuracy of this page. The values provided are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch. All products are for laboratory and research and development use only, and may not be used for any other purpose including health care, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, food or commercial applications.

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