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Molybdenum Disulfide Powders and Solutions

molybdenum disulfide structure monolayer

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MoS2, available as a high purity powder ready for re-dispersion or pre-made solutions

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Since the discovery of single-layer graphene in 2004, the field of 2D materials has seen several new classes of materials emerge. One of these is transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD's). These materials are comprised of one of the transition metals bound with one of the elements in Group 16. However, oxides are typically not classed as dichalcogenides. Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) is currently the most studied member of the TMD family, with over 2500 papers being published in 2015. 

Molybdenum disulfide powder chemical structure 2D

What is Molybdenum Disulfide?

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is the most famous of the single layer transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) family. MoS2 has been used in bulk for many years as a solid state lubricant, this is due to its low coefficient of friction in addition to its high chemical and thermal stability. Similar to graphite, when MoStransitions from a bulk structure to a single layer structure the properties of this material undergo a significant change.

The most striking change that occurs when transitioning from bulk to single layer is the shift in the optoelectronic properties, with the material changing from being an indirect bandgap semiconductor with a bandgap value of approximately 1.3 eV to a direct bandgap semiconductor with a bandgap value of approximately 1.9 eV. Due to the presence of a bandgap in this material there are significantly more uses for MoS2 in comparison to other 2D materials such as graphene.

Some areas in which MoS2 has already been applied include high on/off ratio field effect transistors due to low leakage currents, memresistors based on layered TMD films, controllable spin and valley polarization, geometric confinement of excitons, tuneable photoluminescence, the electrolysis of water, and photovoltaics/photodetectors.

Molybdenum Disulfide SEM
SEM Image of a Molybdenum Disfulfide flake on a scaffold

Dispersion Guide

Molybdenum Disulfide can be readily dispersed in a range of different polar solvents. At Ossila, we have found that the most stable dispersion for mono-layers and multi-layers can be produced using the following recipe:

  • Weigh out desired amount of material (this can go up to 1
  • Add 1:1 ratio of ethanol to deionized water
  • Shake vigorously to break up material
  • A 2-hour treatment in an ultrasonic bath will homogeneously disperse the material (40 kHz, 100 W ultrasonic bath)


  • Electronic structure of a single MoS2 monolayer, E. S. Kadantsev et al., Sol State Commun., 152, 909–913 (2012); doi:10.1016/j.ssc.2012.02.005.
  • Large-Area Epitaxial Monolayer MoS2, D. Dumcenco et al., ACS Nano, 9 (4), 4611–4620 (2015); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b01281.
  • Valley-selective circular dichroism of monolayer molybdenum disulphide, T. Cao et al., nat. commun., 3:887 (2012); DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1882.
  • Mobility engineering and a metal–insulator transition in monolayer MoS2, B. Radisavljevic et al., Nat. Mater., 12, 815-820 (2013); DOI: 10.1038/NMAT3687.
  • Light Generation and Harvesting in a van der Waals Heterostructure, O. Lopez-Sanchez et al., ACS Nano, 8 (3), 3042–3048 (2014); DOI: 10.1021/nn500480u.
  • Large-scale arrays of single- and few-layer MoS2 nanomechanical resonators, H. Jia et al., Nanoscale, 8, 10677-10685 (2016); DOI: 10.1039/C6NR01118G.
  • Few-Layer MoS2: A Promising Layered Semiconductor, R. Ganatra et al., ACS Nano, 8 (5), pp 4074–4099 (2014); DOI: 10.1021/nn405938z.
  • Broadband Few-Layer MoS 2 Saturable Absorbers, S. Wang et al., Adv. Mater., 26, 3538–3544 (2014); DOI: 10.1002/adma.201306322.
  • Photoelectrochemistry of Pristine Mono- and Few-Layer MoS2, M. Velický et al., Nano Lett., 16, 2023−2032 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b05317.
  • Scalable Production of a Few-Layer MoS2/WS2 Vertical Heterojunction Array and Its Application for Photodetectors, Y. Xue et al., ACS Nano, 10 (1), 573–580 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b05596.
  • Few-Layer MoS2 p‑Type Devices Enabled by Selective Doping Using Low Energy Phosphorus Implantation, A. Nipane, et al., ACS Nano, 10 (2), 2128–2137 (2016); DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b06529.

Technical Data

CAS Number 1317-33-5
Chemical Formula MoS2
HOMO / LUMO HOMO = -6.39 eV; LUMO = -4.50 eV
Bandgap Eg = 1.89 eV
Recommended Solvents H2O, NMP, Ethanol, IPA
Synonyms Molybdenum(4+) disulfide, Molybdenum sulfide
Classification / Family 2D semiconducting materials, monolayer materials, thin-layered transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), n-type semiconductors
Colour Black/Brown

Molybdenum Disulfide Powders

Product Code M861 M871
Flake Size 0.1 - 4 μm ~0.2 - 10 μm
Flake Thickness 0.6 - 1.2 nm 0.6 - 6 nm
Single layer ratio 95% N/A
Purity >99.9% 99.7%
Packaging Information Light resistant bottle Light resistant bottle

Molybdenum Disulfide Solutions

Product code M862 M863 M872 M873
Solution Volume 100 ml 100 ml 100 ml 100 ml
Concentration 1 0.1 1 0.1
Solvents Water:Ethanol Water:Ethanol Water:Ethanol Water:Ethanol
MoS2 M861 M861 M871 M871
Packaging Information 4 x 25 ml Bottles 4 x 25 ml Bottles 4 x 25 ml Bottles 4 x 25 ml Bottles

MSDS Documents

Molybdenum disulfide powder MSDSMolybdenum disulfide powder

Molybdenum disulfide solution MSDSMolybdenum disulfide solution

Pricing Table

Form Flake Size / Concentration Weight/Volume Product Code Pricing
Powder (Monolayer) 0.1 - 4 μm 200 mg M861 £310
Powder (Monolayer) 0.1 - 4 μm 500 mg M861 £620
Solution (Monolayer) 1 100 ml M862 £200
Solution (Monolayer) 0.1 100 ml M863 £130
Powder (Multilayer) ~0.2 - 10 μm 200 mg M871 £200
Powder (Multilayer) ~0.2 - 10 μm 500 mg M871 £400
Solution (Multilayer) 1 100 ml M862 £160
Solution (Multilayer) 0.1 100 ml M873 £130

To the best of our knowledge the information provided here is accurate. The values provided are typical at the time of manufacture and may vary over time and from batch to batch. Products may have minor cosmetic differences (e.g. to the branding) compared to the photos on our website. All products are for laboratory and research and development use only.

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